We can learn much from actually listening to the way good readers SOUND when they read. Notice how they problem solve new and unfamiliar words. Watch for different strategies and behaviors that they use when they first encounter a book or when they respond to questions. Observe the way they handle different types of books. Take note of what their eyes and fingers do when they encounter challenges as they read. Reflect on different ways that the reader uses different cueing systems to solve different print problems. WHY take the time to do this, you might ask? This knowledge increases your awareness of what struggling readers are NOT doing!
To learn more about what to do to help struggling readers so they CAN read like your competent readers, check out strategy #29 in my book, Catch a Falling Reader (2nd edition). Publisher: Corwin Press.